A style is a predefined format that you can apply to text with a click of the mouse. For example, if your document contains a style named Chapter Heading that centers text, makes it bold, and increases the font size to 18 points, you can select text, open the Styles drawer, and then click Chapter Heading. The text automatically centers, changes to bold, and resizes to 18 points.
There are three kinds of styles:
- Paragraph styles can be applied only to entire paragraphs (chunks of text that end with a carriage return), not to individual words within paragraphs. These include styles for headings, body text, callouts, captions, headers, and footers. Paragraph styles can include specifications for font, size, text color, character and line spacing, text shadow, background color, indentation and margins, tab settings, and more.
If you want to create a table of contents for your word processing document, you need to use paragraph styles when creating headings in your document. Most documents will use a greater variety of paragraph styles than character or list styles.
- Character styles can be applied to any group of characters, including individual words or groups of words, or letters within a paragraph. Common examples of character styles are italic, bold, and strikethrough used to emphasize individual words or phrases. Character styles can be applied to text within a paragraph without changing its paragraph style.
- To create simple lists or an outline, you can apply list styles to your text. List styles automatically format your text with bullets or numbering, depending on which kind of list style you choose. You can also indent paragraphs as a block by changing their list indent level (see “Formatting Bulleted Lists” on page 99, “Formatting Numbered Lists” on page 100, and “Formatting Ordered Lists” on page 101). Some list styles are very basic, for simple lists; others, such as Harvard and Legal, allow you to create lists with many subtopics.